Student Opinion


Hi there!

If you are or have been my student, I’d really like to hear your opinion about this blog and your learning process in my classes.

✨ Please answer the following question in the Reply section:

What is your opinion about your classes with Teacher Julieta and the materials that she shares in this blog?


How to write a report for the B2 (FCE) test

for B2 Cambridge First


A report is another piece of formal writing. It is based on facts (you’ll probably have to invent those ‘facts’ for the exam, and that’s okay). By writing a good report in English you will demonstrate that you can organize and communicate factual information using a formal tone. As with other pieces of formal writing (for example, essays, formal emails, articles, etc.), there is a special format used to write reports in English.

Parts of an English report
1. Title

This part will give the reader a general idea of the topic of your report.

Make sure that you follow the capitalization rules for titles. You can find more information about how to write titles in English here.

2. Introduction

In this section, you should state clearly the purpose of your report and what information you are going to include.

Try to paraphrase (use your own words) to write the information given in the instructions.

3. Topic points

In these paragraphs, you will give most of the information and details of your report. It should be factual and clear. It shouldn’t sound like a story or like a novel.

You should write at least 2 topic points. One topic point per paragraph. Each paragraph must contain a topic sentence.

What is a topic sentence?

A topic sentence is a sentence that includes the main point (idea) of a paragraph. It has the information that readers need to understand what is the most important point in the paragraph.

The topic sentences guide readers and protect them from confusion. They usually appear at the beginning of each paragraph.

Click here to learn more about topic sentences.

4. Your suggestions/ recommendations

This is the last part of the report. You need to finish it up by writing your recommendations. You must base your recommendation on the facts that you wrote in the topic paragraphs.

Make sure that your recommendations are well-connected with the topic points that you wrote in the previous paragraphs.

Steps to writing a report

Step 1: Make a plan

Step 2: Write it

Step 3: Check it

Now that you know the parts of a report and the steps to follow, let’s see an article sample for the B2 (FCE) Cambridge writing test.

Useful language

For the introduction:

  • This report describes…
  • This report is based on …
  • The purpose of this report is to …

For the topic points:

  • Currently …
  • To begin with …
  • It appears that …
  • It seems that …
  • Furthermore/ In addition
  • In general/ Generally speaking
  • It is generally believed that …
  • almost always/ nearly always
  • Most/ The majority of + noun
  • noun + tend to be + adjective

For your suggestions/ recommendations:

  • All things considered …
  • Based on the findings of this report I recommend/ suggest + verb-ing
  • I would recommend/ suggest + verb-ing
  • Although both… I think that …
  • It would be advisable that …
Pro tips for writing reports

Make sure that you:

  • wrote a title that shows what the report is about
  • divided the report into clear paragraphs with subheadings
  • answered all the parts of the question
  • did NOT use contractions or informal words
  • Used connectors and formulaic expressions (useful language)
Practice time

You have been asked to write a report about entertainment in your city for a travel magazine. Write your report in the comments below.


Useful Phrases for Presentations in English


Presentations are very common in academic and work settings, and they can be a bit challenging.

Here you can find some sentence starters that will help you organize your ideas to sound professional and fluent.

1 Greeting the Audience
  • Good morning/ good afternoon/ good evening everyone
  • Welcome to my presentation
  • If you don’t know me, my name is …
  • I work/ study in … department/ program/ lab
  • I’d like to thank you all for coming today
  • It’s a great pleasure to be here with you today
2 Introducing the topic
  • Today I’m going to talk about/ show you …
  • I’m here today to present…
  • What I want to talk about today is…
  • As you can see on the screen, our topic today is…
  • I’ve divided my presentation into three main parts
  • As you can see from the agenda/ outline I’ll be talking about…
  • Before we begin I want to point out that all the slides/ the proposal/ the final report will be sent to you by (day) at (time)
  • I’ll be handing out copies of the slides at the end of my presentation
  • I can email the PowerPoint presentation to anyone who would like it
  • I would like to start by (+ing verb) …
3 Connecting your ideas
  • First, I would like to talk about/ show you …
  • First, I’d like to give you an overview of….
  • Next, I’ll focus on… and then ….
  • What I am going to focus next is…
  • This leads directly to my next point
  • This brings us to the next point/question
  • Let’s now move on to/turn to…
  • Then I’ll go on to highlight what I see as the main points of….
  • Finally, I’d like to address the problem of…
4 Highlighting important information
  • One thing that I want to stress is…
  • I’d like to stress/highlight/emphasize the following points…
  • The interesting/significant/important thing about…. is….
5 Summarizing ideas
  • Before I move on, I’d like to recap the main points
  • Let me briefly summarize the main issues
  • I’d like to summarize what I’ve said so far…
6 Describing visuals
  • As you can see here, …
  • Now, let’s look at/let’s have a look at/take a look at/
  • As the graph/table shows/indicates…
  • From Table/ Figure … we can see/conclude/show/estimate/calculate/infer that…
  • The chart/ graph compares…
7 Closing
  • Well, this brings me to the end of my presentation/talk
  • That covers just about everything I wanted to say about…
  • Thank you for your attention
8 Questions and comments
  • If you have any questions, I am happy to answer them
  • Are there any questions?
  • If you have any questions, I’d be pleased to answer them.
  • And now I’ll be happy to answer any questions you may have
9 If there are some technical problems
  • I’m sorry about the (tech/sound) problem. Ex. I’m sorry about the slow connection
  • Thanks for bearing with me = Thanks for your patience
  • It will be just one moment
  • I apologize for not having enough time/ handouts/ chairs/ samples

Tag questions

Tag questions are indirect questions that we often use to check something that we think is true.


Tag question: Your name is Mike, isn’t it?

Direct question: Is your name Mike?

How to form a tag question
  1. Add a comma (,) after the information you want to confirm or make emphasis
  2. Use the correct auxiliary verb or modal verb.

Auxiliary verbsPositiveNegative
beam, is, are
was, were
am not, isn’t, aren’t
wasn’t, weren’t
dodo, does
don’t, doesn’t
havehave, has
haven’t, hasn’t

Common modal verbs used in tag questions


Note: Use a negative auxiliary/modal verb if the sentence is affirmative and an affirmative auxiliary/ modal verb if the sentence is negative.

3. Add a pronoun

Examples: you, he, she, it, we, they

4. Add a question mark (?)


Grammar Practice

Match the phrases

Speaking Practice

Student A: Complete with a tag question.

Student A: Ask the questions to your partner. Ask follow-up questions to have more fun.

Student B: Answer the question. Give as many details as you can to have an interesting conversation.

Switch roles


Double comparatives


In English, we can use double comparatives to express cause and effect, or increasing or decreasing returns in parallel structures.

There are three basic patterns to use double comparatives with nouns, actions, and adjectives/adverbs.

Fun activities and playing games are great ways to improve your fluency.

Here you can find 3 different activities to review and practice double comparatives in English.

Grammar Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐

Match the two parts of the sentences.

Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐

Change the sentence using a double comparative.


If I study a lot, I learn a lot. -> The more I study, the more I learn.

Click on FLIP to check your answer.

 Speaking Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐

Complete the sentences using a double comparative.

Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐⭐

Complete the sentences using a double comparative.

Did you enjoy playing these games? 😊
Which one was your favourite?


Sharing is caring


Sharing is caring” is a common English expression but do you know what exactly it means? 😕

It has a very profound meaning. It means that when we share something with someone else it is equal to caring them. Sharing ideas, thoughts, experiences, things that have helped us in our journey is a way to show care to our friends and people around us. 💖

That’s why I created this blog. The main purpose of it is to share tips, ideas, games and resources that will help you in your learning journey. 💡

Over the past months this community has grown so fast and I think it is a good idea that you also share tips and resources with other members of the community.

I’m inviting you to share with me and with other English learners tips and resources that have helped you improve your English. 😊

How can you share your tips?

Things that you can post in the comments below: 🔗 💡👇

  • YouTube videos or YouTube channels
  • Facebook, Instagram, TikTok profiles of English teachers
  • Websites to learn and practice grammar
  • Podcasts to practice listening
  • Books or websites to practice reading
  • Websites or apps to practice speaking

On behalf of this amazing community of English learners around the world 🌎:

Thanks for your generosity 🙏


Confusing Adjectives -ed/ing


In English there are 2 patterns for adjectives:

1. verb be + adjective

I’m interested in English movies.

English movies are usually very interesting.

2. adjective + noun

It’s such an interesting class.

She is such an interesting woman.

3. -ed or -ing

There is a group of adjectives that can end in –ed or –ing. However, the meaning of the adjective changes depending on the ending. For example, interested/interesting, tired/tiring, confused/confusing, surprised/surprised, etc.

We use the ed ending to talk about how we feel. Adjectives ending with –ed are used primarily with nouns that are people or animals.

We use the –ing ending to describe a noun or when the noun is the reason of the feeling. Basically, the –ing adjective shows why a person is feeling a certain way. Adjectives ending in –ing are used primarily with nouns that are things.


Practice Time
Speaking practice

Click on the image to open the game


How to Write an Article for the Cambridge B1 Preliminary (PET)


An article is an informal/ neutral piece of writing that is written for a specific audience. The purpose of an article is to share an opinion, or knowledge on a particular topic, or offer suggestions and pieces of advice to the readers. Newspapers, magazines, and journals usually publish articles. For that reason, articles have to be easy to read.

Parts of an Article
  • Title: It should be short and informative. Try to choose an interesting title, so the reader wants to read your article to learn more about the topic.
  • Author’s name: A line having the name of the person who wrote the article (optional)
  • Main paragraphs: This is the main part of your article, it should include the following parts:
    • Introductory paragraph: Here you introduce the topic. The introduction should be short, catching, and interesting.
    • Descriptive paragraph: Here you give examples and reasons.
    • Additional information: only if needed.
  • Conclusion: This is the ending paragraph of the article that should be a summary of your article.
Steps to write an article

1 Think of the topic that you are going to write about carefully.

2 Identify the target audience. Who are going to read your article: students, young people, adults, elderly people, or professionals?

3 Find the objective of writing the article. Do you want to give advice? Are you going to give some useful tips? Do you want to teach your readers how to do something?

4 Identify the details that are more significant and think of some examples.

5 Organize your ideas and arrange the information and the facts in a coherent and logical way.

Now that you know the parts of an article and the steps to follow, let’s see an article sample for the B1 Cambridge writing test.


You see this announcement in your English school magazine.

Articles wanted!

Write an article telling us how to make your home safer when children visit you.
What are the most dangerous places in a house for children? Why?
The best articles answering this question will be published next month.
Useful language for writing an article

For the introductory paragraph:

  • Have you ever thought about …?
  • What would you do if …?
  • Do you like + verb+ing …?
  • How important is it for you to …?
  • What would life be like if …?

Giving your opinion:

  • In my opinion, …
  • From my point of view, …
  • As far as I’m concerned, …
  • I guess that …
  • I’m under the impression that …
  • I have no doubt that …
  • I have the feeling that…

Giving advice:

  • Don’t forget to …
  • Remember to…
  • Make sure you…
  • You should + base form
  • You should have + past participle
  • Never + base form
  • What about if …?
  • Let’s consider…
  • Why don’t you …?

Adding more details and examples:

  • Above all…
  • In addition, …
  • Above all, …
  • On top of that, …
  • Moreover, …
  • Another advantage/ disadvantage of …


  • … in case
  • … so (that)
  • … because it might + base form
  • The evidence shows (that) …
  • The facts suggest (that) …

Practice time

You are going to write an article for a school magazine. Choose one of the titles below>

  • How to stay safe if you are hiking in the mountains.
  • How to stay safe on a day at the beach.
  • How to stay safe online.

Plan the content

1 Think of at least 3 useful tips

2 Think of an interesting introductory paragraph

3 Write your introduction

4 Write your descriptive paragraphs. Write one paragraph per tip.

5 Write your conclusion

6 Type your answer in the box below, and I’ll give you personalized feedback.


How to Write a Short Story for the B1 Preliminary Test (PET)


A short story is a piece of fiction that has a limited number of words and a few characters.

Parts of a short story
  • Title: It summarizes the whole story, or it is related to the main theme. The theme is the central idea or belief in a short story.
  • Exposition: It is the beginning of the story where you introduce the main characters. It also serves as the introduction to the next part.
  • Climax: It is the action part where the main characters try to solve the conflict or problem.
  • Resolution: In this part, the conflict is solved.

Let’s see a short story sample for the B1 Writing test

Useful vocabulary for a short story

Time expressions:

  • at that moment
  • as soon as
  • _____ minutes later
  • just in time
  • then
  • after that
  • meanwhile
  • while
  • one morning in + month
  • one afternoon in + month
  • one evening in + month

Adverbs and adverbials to spice up your story

  • suddenly
  • in the end
  • eventually
  • unexpectedly
  • right away
  • nearly
  • actually
  • in fact
  • apparently
  • gradually
  • basically
  • obviously
  • anyway
  • all of a sudden
  • without warning

Finishing your short story

  • in the end
  • eventually
  • finally
  • luckily
  • when it was all over

Verb tenses used for short stories

Short stories usually take place in the past, for that reason the most common narrative tenses you should use for your short story are:

Practice time

Write a short story beginning with one of the sentences below:

Plan the content:

  • It was midnight when the phone rang.
  • Alex had been working hard all day and was looking forward to going home.
  • We had been driving for hours when we saw the sign for a small hotel and decided to stop.

1 Write what happened simply, in about 50 words.

2 Think about how you could improve your story by adding more details. For example, adjectives and adverbs.

3 Think about what tenses you need for each part of the story. For example, how to set the scene, and what significant events happened before the story starts.

Write your story in about 100 – 120 words in the box below.


Determiners: both, either … or, neither … nor


1. We use both to refer to two things, people, or animals together.

  • We can use both + noun

I like both coffee and tea. (I like coffee and I like tea)

Both those women are my friends. (Those two women are my friends)

  • We can use both of + an object pronoun

We both dislike soccer. (subject pronoun + both) or

Both of us dislike soccer. (both + of + object pronoun)

2. We use either …. or … to talk about a choice between two options.

(+) verb + either … or …

Every year I travel either to New York or Paris on Christmas holidays.

3. We use neither … nor … to talk about two things that are not possible.

(-) verb + neither … nor …

Last year I couldn’t go neither to New York nor Paris on New Year due to the pandemics.

4. We can we use either … or …/ neither … or at the beginning of a sentence. In those cases we can use both singular verbs or plural verbs.

  • If both elements that go after either/neither and or/nor are singular, we use a singular verb.

Either my sister or my mom is going to cook dinner for Christmas.

Neither Alicia nor her daughter speaks English.

  • If the element that goes after or/nor is plural, we use a plural verb.

Either my manager or my colleagues are going to help me with the project.

Neither the teacher nor her students are going to go to the school party.

More examples:
Time to practice