for B2 Cambridge First
A report is another piece of formal writing. It is based on facts (you’ll probably have to invent those ‘facts’ for the exam, and that’s okay). By writing a good report in English you will demonstrate that you can organize and communicate factual information using a formal tone. As with other pieces of formal writing (for example, essays, formal emails, articles, etc.), there is a special format used to write reports in English.
Parts of an English report
This part will give the reader a general idea of the topic of your report.
Make sure that you follow the capitalization rules for titles. You can find more information about how to write titles in English here.
In this section, you should state clearly the purpose of your report and what information you are going to include.
Try to paraphrase (use your own words) to write the information given in the instructions.
3. Topic points
In these paragraphs, you will give most of the information and details of your report. It should be factual and clear. It shouldn’t sound like a story or like a novel.
You should write at least 2 topic points. One topic point per paragraph. Each paragraph must contain a topic sentence.
What is a topic sentence?
A topic sentence is a sentence that includes the main point (idea) of a paragraph. It has the information that readers need to understand what is the most important point in the paragraph.
The topic sentences guide readers and protect them from confusion. They usually appear at the beginning of each paragraph.
Click here to learn more about topic sentences.
4. Your suggestions/ recommendations
This is the last part of the report. You need to finish it up by writing your recommendations. You must base your recommendation on the facts that you wrote in the topic paragraphs.
Make sure that your recommendations are well-connected with the topic points that you wrote in the previous paragraphs.
Steps to writing a report
Step 1: Make a plan
Step 2: Write it
Step 3: Check it
Now that you know the parts of a report and the steps to follow, let’s see an article sample for the B2 (FCE) Cambridge writing test.
For the introduction:
- This report describes…
- This report is based on …
- The purpose of this report is to …
For the topic points:
- Currently …
- To begin with …
- It appears that …
- It seems that …
- Furthermore/ In addition
- In general/ Generally speaking
- It is generally believed that …
- almost always/ nearly always
- Most/ The majority of + noun
- noun + tend to be + adjective
For your suggestions/ recommendations:
- All things considered …
- Based on the findings of this report I recommend/ suggest + verb-ing
- I would recommend/ suggest + verb-ing
- Although both… I think that …
- It would be advisable that …
Pro tips for writing reports
Make sure that you:
- wrote a title that shows what the report is about
- divided the report into clear paragraphs with subheadings
- answered all the parts of the question
- did NOT use contractions or informal words
- Used connectors and formulaic expressions (useful language)
You have been asked to write a report about entertainment in your city for a travel magazine. Write your report in the comments below.