How to Write an Article for the Cambridge B1 Preliminary (PET)

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An article is an informal/ neutral piece of writing that is written for a specific audience. The purpose of an article is to share an opinion, or knowledge on a particular topic, or offer suggestions and pieces of advice to the readers. Newspapers, magazines, and journals usually publish articles. For that reason, articles have to be easy to read.

Parts of an Article
  • Title: It should be short and informative. Try to choose an interesting title, so the reader wants to read your article to learn more about the topic.
  • Author’s name: A line having the name of the person who wrote the article (optional)
  • Main paragraphs: This is the main part of your article, it should include the following parts:
    • Introductory paragraph: Here you introduce the topic. The introduction should be short, catching, and interesting.
    • Descriptive paragraph: Here you give examples and reasons.
    • Additional information: only if needed.
  • Conclusion: This is the ending paragraph of the article that should be a summary of your article.
Steps to write an article

1 Think of the topic that you are going to write about carefully.

2 Identify the target audience. Who are going to read your article: students, young people, adults, elderly people, or professionals?

3 Find the objective of writing the article. Do you want to give advice? Are you going to give some useful tips? Do you want to teach your readers how to do something?

4 Identify the details that are more significant and think of some examples.

5 Organize your ideas and arrange the information and the facts in a coherent and logical way.

Now that you know the parts of an article and the steps to follow, let’s see an article sample for the B1 Cambridge writing test.

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You see this announcement in your English school magazine.

Articles wanted!

Write an article telling us how to make your home safer when children visit you.
What are the most dangerous places in a house for children? Why?
The best articles answering this question will be published next month.
Useful language for writing an article

For the introductory paragraph:

  • Have you ever thought about …?
  • What would you do if …?
  • Do you like + verb+ing …?
  • How important is it for you to …?
  • What would life be like if …?

Giving your opinion:

  • In my opinion, …
  • From my point of view, …
  • As far as I’m concerned, …
  • I guess that …
  • I’m under the impression that …
  • I have no doubt that …
  • I have the feeling that…

Giving advice:

  • Don’t forget to …
  • Remember to…
  • Make sure you…
  • You should + base form
  • You should have + past participle
  • Never + base form
  • What about if …?
  • Let’s consider…
  • Why don’t you …?

Adding more details and examples:

  • Above all…
  • In addition, …
  • Above all, …
  • On top of that, …
  • Moreover, …
  • Another advantage/ disadvantage of …

Reasons:

  • … in case
  • … so (that)
  • … because it might + base form
  • The evidence shows (that) …
  • The facts suggest (that) …

Practice time

You are going to write an article for a school magazine. Choose one of the titles below>

  • How to stay safe if you are hiking in the mountains.
  • How to stay safe on a day at the beach.
  • How to stay safe online.

Plan the content

1 Think of at least 3 useful tips

2 Think of an interesting introductory paragraph

3 Write your introduction

4 Write your descriptive paragraphs. Write one paragraph per tip.

5 Write your conclusion

6 Type your answer in the box below, and I’ll give you personalized feedback.

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