For High-Intermediate English learners
There are different ways of talking about the future in English. While one structure may be preferred for certain meanings, in many cases more than one structure can be used with little or no change of meaning.
|Future Form||Grammar Pattern||Meaning||Explanation||Examples|
|Present be going to||subject + be + going to + base verb||Planned or intended actions in the future||Used when something is already decided or planned||I am going to visit my grandparents next weekend.|
|Will||subject + will + base verb||Spontaneous decisions, predictions, promises, or offers||Used for decisions made at the moment or predictions/promises||It’s hot here. I will open the window.|
|Present Continuous||subject + am/is/are + present participle (-ing form)||Fixed plans or arrangements in the near future||Used for actions already planned or arranged||I am meeting my friend for dinner tonight.|
|Might/May||subject + might/may + base verb||Possibilities or uncertain future events||Used when there is a possibility, but uncertainty||I might go to the party if I finish my work early.|
|Future Continuous||subject + will be + present participle (-ing form)||Ongoing actions or events in the future||Used to describe actions happening at a specific time||They will be watching a movie this time next week.|