Conditionals and Future Time Clauses

We use the zero conditional to talk about something that is always true or always happens as a result of something else. You can use the simple present, present continuous or present perfect in either clause. We use the first conditional to talk about something that will probably happen in the future. You can useContinue reading “Conditionals and Future Time Clauses”

Confusing Adjectives -ed/ing

In English there are 2 patterns for adjectives: 1. verb be + adjective I’m interested in English movies. English movies are usually very interesting. 2. adjective + noun It’s such an interesting class. She is such an interesting woman. 3. -ed or -ing There is a group of adjectives that can end in –ed orContinue reading “Confusing Adjectives -ed/ing”

Determiners: both, either … or, neither … nor

1. We use both to refer to two things, people, or animals together. We can use both + noun I like both coffee and tea. (I like coffee and I like tea) Both those women are my friends. (Those two women are my friends) We can use both of + an object pronoun We bothContinue reading “Determiners: both, either … or, neither … nor”

Quantifiers: all, most, every, and each

1.We use all + noun or all of the + a plural or uncountable noun all = in general all (of) the = specific All animals need food. All of the animals in the safari are dangerous. 2. We use everybody or everything + singular verb everybody = all people everything = all things EverybodyContinue reading “Quantifiers: all, most, every, and each”

Reporting Verbs

Reporting verbs are verbs which are used to tell someone what another person said. They are used in reported speech. Say and tell are the most common reporting verbs. However, there are other reporting verbs that we can use instead of say an tell to communicate our ideas more clearly. Example: He said that heContinue reading “Reporting Verbs”

Past modal verbs

Modal verbs or modals are special words that give extra meaning to verbs. They go before the main verb. Examples of modal verbs: can, will, should, must, may, might, have to, used to, etc. Some past modals are used to express advisability, certainty, possibility/ impossibility in the past. Practice time Do you want to tryContinue reading “Past modal verbs”

used to/ get used to/ be used to

1 We use used to/ didn’t use to + base form to talk about past habits or repeated actions or situations that have changed. Example: When I was a child I used to play video games every day = When I was a child I would play video games every day. 2 We use getContinue reading “used to/ get used to/ be used to”

How to express wishes

This mini lesson includes a review of verb wish. Verb wish is used to express our desire for something different from how it is now. Wish expresses a desire that is impossible or almost impossible to happen.  Grammar Practice Level of difficulty:  Wishes about present situations Put the words in the correct order Wishes aboutContinue reading “How to express wishes”

The Position of Adverbs

Adverbs are words that describe an action (e.g. She speaks slowly) or modify adjectives (e.g. This car is incredibly expensive) or other adverbs (e.g. He works very hard). They can be one word (e.g. often) or a phrase (every now and then). Common types of adverbs: Adverbs of manner describe how somebody does something. TheyContinue reading “The Position of Adverbs”