Get is one of the most common verbs in English. There are more than 280 definitions of the verb get. But don’t worry! You don’t have to memorize all the definitions. You need to learn how to use the most common phrasal verbs and verb phrases.
Adjectives are words that give us details or more information about a noun or a noun phrase. We use them to give an opinion, describe or give information about the size, age, shape, colour, pattern, nationality or origin and material of nouns.
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In English grammar, there is a common order of adjectives that is often used when multiple adjectives are used to describe a noun. The order is generally:
Determiner (such as “a,” “an,” “the”, “some”)
Opinion or observation (such as “beautiful,” “ugly,” “delicious,” “interesting”)
Size (such as “big,” “small,” “tiny,” “large”)
Shape (such as “round,” “square,” “oval,” “rectangular”)
Age (such as “old,” “young,” “ancient,” “new”)
Colour (such as “red,” “blue,” “green,” “yellow”)
Pattern (such as “striped”, “plaid”, “plain:, “dotted”)
Origin or nationality (such as “Italian,” “Mexican,” “Chinese,” “European”)
Material or composition (such as “wooden,” “metallic,” “plastic,” “glass”)
Purpose/ used for or qualifier (such as “wedding,” “working,” “flying,” “exercise”)
For example, in the phrase “a beautiful small round wooden jewelry box,” the word order of adjectives follows this pattern: determiner (“a”), opinion (“beautiful”), size (“small”), shape (“round”), material (“wooden”), purpose/used for (“jewelry”), and box is the noun
an some a
expensive luxurious beautiful
big – small
new – old
long – round
purple – red
striped – –
French German –
silk – wooden
winter sports jewelry
scarf cars box
When there are two or more adjectives of the same category (such as two colours or two sizes), they can be arranged in any order without affecting the meaning of the sentence.
For example, “She wore a long red scarf” and “She wore a red long scarf” mean the same thing.
However, if the adjectives are of different categories, then the order should be maintained according to the standard order of adjectives.
For example, “He bought a small old French car” follows the standard order of adjectives: size (small), age (old), origin (French), and noun (car).
Level of difficulty:
Word Order of Adjectives Exercise
Instructions: This exercise contains ten multiple-choice questions about the order of adjectives. Each question consists of a set of adjectives and three different order options. Choose the option that correctly orders the adjectives based on the standard order of adjectives.
1. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a dress?
a) black, long, silk
b) silk, long, black
c) long, black, silk
2. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a cup?
a) glass, small, white
b) white, small, glass
c) small, white, glass
3. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a car?
a) old, red, Italian
b) Italian, red, old
c) red, old, Italian
4. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a cake?
a) chocolate, small, round
b) round, small, chocolate
c) small, round, chocolate
5. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a house?
a) modern, big, wooden
b) wooden, modern, big
c) big, wooden, modern
6. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a book?
a) new, thick, hardcover
b) hardcover, thick, new
c) thick, new, hardcover
7. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a dog?
a) small, fluffy, white
b) small, white, fluffy
c) fluffy, small, white
8. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a painting?
a) famous, Italian, large
b) large, famous, beautiful
c) beautiful, modern, large
9. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a pair of shoes?
a) black, leather, comfortable
b) comfortable, black, leather
c) black, comfortable, leather
10. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a necklace?
a) white, gold, delicate
b) delicate, white, gold
c) gold, delicate, white
c, 2. c, 3. a, 4. c, 5. a, 6. a, 7. b, 8. c, 9.b, 10. b
to talk about past experiences when we don’t say when something happened (when the action was finished). Example: I’ve travelled to Brazil many times.
with yet, already, ever, and never. Example: I’ve already finished my homework.
with superlatives and the first, second, the last time, etc. Example: Canada is the most beautiful place I’ve visited.
with non action verbs (= verbs not usually used in the continuous form, for example, be, have, know, like, understand, believe, etc) to say that something started in the past and is still true now. Example: I‘ve known my best friend since we were in high school.
when we say or ask how much/many we have done or how often we have done something up to no (so far). Example: I’ve written 5 essays so far.
We use the present perfect continuous:
with action verbs, to say that an action started in the past and is still happening now. Example: I’ve been writing this article for 2 hours.
this use is common with time expression such as How long …?, for, since, allday/morning/afternoon/evening/ week, etc. Example: I’ve been studying all morning.
for repeated actions especially with the time expression all day, recently. Example: She’s been cleaning her house all day.
for continuous actions that have just finished (but that have present results). Example: I’ve been doing my homework.
Level of difficulty:
Level of difficulty:
Student A -> Complete the question
Student B -> Answer the question
Flip the tile to check if your dialogue was correct
Repeat the dialogue and ask follow-up questions to get more details
Level of difficulty:
Choose a picture (scroll the arrows <> to see the whole picture)
Discuss the following questions with your partner. Give as many details as you can.
Although, though, even though, in spite of, and despite are words that help us connect contrasting ideas clearly and fluently. We use them to introduce a clause in a sentence which is in contrast to another clause in the same sentence.
You already know how to use basic connectors such as so and but. In the example below, but is a contrast connector.
Now, it’s time to learn other connectors that help us communicate more complex ideas.
NOTE: A dependent clause is NOT a full sentence. It is a phrase (group of words) that is incomplete, in other words, it is an incomplete thought. We need to complete the idea by using a connector and an independent clause.
An independent clause is a phrase that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.
Time to practice
The best way to improve your English is by practicing. Don’t be afraid of making mistakes. Remember that practice makes progress.
An essay is a written piece where you can present an idea, propose an argument, express your emotions or initiate a debate.
In an advantages and disadvantages essay your task is to describe the positive and the negative sides of a specific topic. You must include examples and reasons to support your ideas. Sometimes you will also be asked to give your opinion. You can include your personal opinion in the introduction and conclusion of the essay.
The typical structure for an advantages and disadvantages essay is the following:
Paragraph 1: Introduction
Start your introduction with a sentence that paraphrases the question you were given
Add a sentence where you include the main ideas that you will talk about
Give your opinion (if required)
Paragraph 2: Advantages
Write a sentence where you summarize the main idea of the paragraph. In this paragraph you must mention the advantages.
Next write a sentence where you explain the advantages.
Finally you explain the consequence or result of advantages by giving an example.
Paragraph 3: Disadvantages
(This paragraph is similar to paragraph 2, but here you will talk about the disadvantages)
Write a sentence where you summarize the main idea of the paragraph. In this paragraph you must mention the disadvantages.
Explain the disadvantages.
Give examples of the disadvantages.
Paragraph 4: Conclusion
Summarize your ideas
Paraphrase your opinion (if required)
Advantages and disadvantages of travelingby plane
Nowadays,a lot of people prefer to travel by plane when they go to another country. However, air travel has both pros and drawbacks. Let’s examine some of these here.
One of the main advantages of traveling by plane is that it is much faster than any other form of transport. For example, you can fly from Toronto to New York in 2 hours, whereas by car, it would take more than 7 hours. Another advantage is that flying is more comfortable and less tiring because you can sleep on a long flight. You can also watch movies or read. Finally, it is safer. More people die in car accidents than in the air.
On the other hand, traveling by plane also has some disadvantages. To start with, it can be quite expensive, especially if you want to travel in the comfort of First Class or Business Class. What is more, flights are often delayed, and this means you may have to spend a long time waiting in the airport or miss connecting flights. In addition, you may arrive in New York while your suitcase has gone to Paris.
To sum up, the airplane is a great invention, but it does have some drawbacks. If it was cheaper, it would be better. Still, in my opinion, the pros outweigh the cons. If we didn’t have planes, it would be very difficult to travel to distant places.
Below there is a template that can help you write your advantages and disadvantages essays.
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