Writing Tasks, Grammar Topics, and Vocabulary by Level for English Learners

Writing is an essential skill for anyone learning a new language, and it’s no different for English learners.

Whether you’re studying English for work, education, or personal growth, improving your writing abilities is crucial for success.

Unfortunately, many learners struggle with knowing what writing tasks they should be able to complete at different levels, as well as the grammar topics and vocabulary they need to master in order to write effectively.

That’s why I’ve put together this table, which outlines the writing tasks, grammar topics, and vocabulary needed for each level of the Cambridge tests. Whether you’re just starting out at A2 (pre-intermediate) or are working towards C2 proficiency (high-advanced), this table will help you identify the skills you need to improve your writing and achieve your language learning goals.

LevelWriting TasksGrammar TopicsVocabularySpecific Writing Task
A2 KeyA2
Short messages and notes; Form filling; Informal emails or lettersSimple present and past tenses; Be, do, have, can, and other auxiliary verbs; Personal pronouns; Basic prepositions and conjunctionsEveryday vocabulary (e.g. family, hobbies, weather, shopping); Common verbs and adjectives; Basic question words (e.g. who, what, where, when, why)Write a postcard to a friend about your holiday plans.
Write a short email to your teacher asking for information about an assignment
Write a short email to your friend telling him/her what you did on your last holidays
B1 PreliminaryB1
Descriptive texts (e.g. postcards, blog entries); Emails, letters, or reports giving information, opinions, and suggestionsPresent, past, and future tenses; Modal verbs (e.g. can, could, should, would); Adjectives and adverbs; Relative clauses; Indirect speechCommon expressions and idioms; Academic vocabulary (e.g. education, environment, technology); Phrases for giving opinions and making suggestionsWrite a letter to a pen pal describing your city.
Write an email to a colleague about a project proposal.
Write a short story using the narrative tenses.
B2 FirstB2
Essays or articles expressing opinions or presenting arguments; Reports or reviews summarizing and evaluating informationPassive voice; Conditionals; Reported speech; Gerunds and infinitives; Phrasal verbsAdvanced vocabulary related to specific topics (e.g. politics, economics, culture); Formal and informal vocabulary (e.g. synonyms for common words); Technical terms and jargonWrite a report on the advantages and disadvantages of social media. Write a review of a book you’ve recently read. Write an essay arguing for or against the use of technology in education.
Write a report evaluating the effectiveness of a new marketing campaign
Write a review of a book or movie.
C1 AdvancedC1
Discursive essays, proposals, or letters arguing a point of view; Reports, reviews, or critiques analyzing and evaluating complex informationSubjunctive mood; Complex sentence structures (e.g. cleft sentences, inversion, fronting); Conjunctions and connectors (e.g. however, despite, furthermore); Reduced relative clauses; Indirect questionsAdvanced and specialized vocabulary for academic and professional contexts; Register and style appropriate to the audience and purposeWrite a formal letter to a government official addressing a social issue.
Write an essay analyzing a literary work.
Write a research paper on the effects of climate change.
Write a report analyzing the impact of social media on society.
C2 ProficiencyC2
Essays or research papers on complex topics with an original thesis and well-supported arguments; Formal reports, proposals, or reviews demonstrating advanced research skills and academic rigor.Advanced grammar structures (e.g. conditional perfect, passive with two objects); Complex noun phrases and sentence patterns; Discourse markers and cohesive devices; Register and style (e.g. formal and informal language, hedging, and mitigation)Sophisticated and precise vocabulary appropriate for academic and professional contexts; Nuanced and idiomatic expressions; Terminology and jargon specific to a field of study or profession
Write a research article on a topic in your field of study.
Write a professional report on a business proposal.
Write a thesis statement for a masters/doctoral dissertation.

With this table, you now have a clear roadmap of the writing tasks, grammar topics, and vocabulary needed for each level of the Cambridge tests. Use it as a guide to focus your studies and improve your writing skills in English.

Remember, practice makes progress, so don’t be afraid to write, revise, and get feedback from qualified English teachers or tutors. With dedication and hard work, you can become a proficient writer in English and open up new opportunities for personal and professional growth.


*Created with the help of AI


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