Word Families

As an English learner, building a strong vocabulary is essential to improving your English language skills. One way to achieve this is by learning about word families.

What are Word Families?

Word families are groups of words that share the same root or base word, and often have a similar meaning. Understanding them can help you learn new vocabulary faster and more efficiently.

For example, the word family of “act” includes words like “action,” “actor,” and “react.” These words are related because they all come from the same root word, “act.”

Why are Word Families Important?

Learning word families is important for several reasons.

1 It allows you to learn multiple words at once that are related in meaning. This can help you to expand your vocabulary more quickly and efficiently.

2 Understanding word families can help you to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words. If you know the root word of a word you don’t know, you may be able to figure out its meaning based on its similarity to other words in that family.

3 Knowing word families can also help you to use words more accurately and appropriately in different contexts.

Examples of Word Families

Here are some examples of common word families in English:

Word FamilyExample Words
actaction, actor, react, active
happyhappiness, unhappy, happily, unhappily
nationnational, nationality, international, nationhood
beautybeautiful, beautifully, beautify, beautician
friendfriendly, friendship, unfriendly, friendliness

Learning and practicing word families is an important step in expanding your English vocabulary. By understanding the relationship between words, you can build a stronger foundation for reading, writing, and speaking in English. Keep practicing and reviewing these word families to improve your language skills.

 Vocabulary Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐

  1. Click on the START button
  2. Choose a number.
  3. Look at the clue on the left side of the crossword. This clue will help you guess the word that fits into the puzzle.
  4. Use the clues to fill in the words that match the number and direction (across or down) of the boxes.
  5. If you’re not sure of a word, try to guess based on the other letters that you’ve filled in. You can also use a dictionary or the internet to help you if you need it.

 Speaking Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐

  1. Complete the questions with a word from the word family list in the example section.
  2. Click on FLIP to check your answers
  3. Discuss the questions with your partner

✍️ Writing Practice

Complete the following table

choosechoose wisely

Complete the following sentence using the words from the table

  1. The _______ of the building was stunning.
  2. She will _____ at the airport tomorrow morning.
  3. I _____that he is telling the truth.
  4. He is _______ a new house on the outskirts of the city.
  5. It’s important to _____ constructively in order to help someone improve.
  6. I had to ______ between two job offers.
  7. Her ________ knows no bounds.
  8. Regular exercise can help you _______ your overall health.
  9. I _________ spending time with my family and friends.
  10. It’s important to ___________ carefully before making a decision.

Choose 10 words from the table and write your own sentences.

Share your answers in the comments below and I’ll share with you the answer key


Speaking Practice

Are you someone who wants to improve your speaking skills in English but often find yourself struggling to start a conversation?

Well, you’re not alone. Many learners face difficulty initiating a conversation, especially when they are not confident in their language abilities. However, having a good speaking starter can make a huge difference in overcoming this hurdle.

In this blog, you will find some useful speaking starters that will help you confidently start a conversation and keep it going. Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced learner, this speaking/ sharing starters will help you have fun and interesting conversations. So, let’s dive in and explore the world of speaking starters!

Click on the arrows < > to see the speaking starters.


Second Conditional


We use the second conditional to talk about hypothetical or imaginary situations in the present or future.

In the if-clause we use simple past or past continuous.

In the other clause (consequence/result), we can use would, could or might.

For the verb be we usually start our sentence with If + subject + were

For examples:

If I were rich, I’d buy a Ferrari

If he were/ was rich, he’d buy a Porsche.

When we want to give advice, we always use If I were


If I were you, I wouldn’t go there.

If I were you, I’d travel to Brazil instead of Australia.

More information about If I was and if I were 👇

If you are still confused, you can find an easy explanation in your first language in the link below 👇:

🇪🇸 Spanish /  🇵🇹 Portuguese/ 🇨🇳 Chinese/  🇷🇺 Russian/  🇺🇦 Ukrainian/  🇹🇷 Turkish/ 🇯🇵 Japanese

 Grammar Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐

Put the words in the correct order.

 Speaking Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐

  1. Spin the wheel
  2. Complete the sentence about your partner.
  3. Read the complete sentence to your partner.
  4. Explain to your partner why?
  5. Were your guesses right or wrong?
  6. Switch roles <>

✍️ Writing Practice

Choose 5 cards.

Write 5 sentences using the second conditional.

Share your sentences below 👇 (reply)


Tag questions

Tag questions are indirect questions that we often use to check something that we think is true.


Tag question: Your name is Mike, isn’t it?

Direct question: Is your name Mike?

How to form a tag question
  1. Add a comma (,) after the information you want to confirm or make emphasis
  2. Use the correct auxiliary verb or modal verb.

Auxiliary verbsPositiveNegative
beam, is, are
was, were
am not, isn’t, aren’t
wasn’t, weren’t
dodo, does
don’t, doesn’t
havehave, has
haven’t, hasn’t

Common modal verbs used in tag questions


Note: Use a negative auxiliary/modal verb if the sentence is affirmative and an affirmative auxiliary/ modal verb if the sentence is negative.

3. Add a pronoun

Examples: you, he, she, it, we, they

4. Add a question mark (?)


Grammar Practice

Match the phrases

Speaking Practice

Student A: Complete with a tag question.

Student B: Answer the question.

Student C: React to B’s Answer (same/ different answer)

Switch roles


Confusing Adjectives -ed/ing


In English there are 2 patterns for adjectives:

1. verb be + adjective

I’m interested in English movies.

English movies are usually very interesting.

2. adjective + noun

It’s such an interesting class.

She is such an interesting woman.

3. -ed or -ing

There is a group of adjectives that can end in –ed or –ing. However, the meaning of the adjective changes depending on the ending. For example, interested/interesting, tired/tiring, confused/confusing, surprised/surprised, etc.

We use the ed ending to talk about how we feel. Adjectives ending with –ed are used primarily with nouns that are people or animals.

We use the –ing ending to describe a noun or when the noun is the reason for the feeling. Basically, the –ing adjective shows why a person is feeling a certain way. Adjectives ending in –ing are used primarily with nouns that are things.



Practice Time

Speaking practice

  1. Choose a card.
  2. Complete the sentence using the correct form of the adjective.
  3. Click on FLIP to check your answer.