Word Families

As an English learner, building a strong vocabulary is essential to improving your English language skills. One way to achieve this is by learning about word families.

What are Word Families?

Word families are groups of words that share the same root or base word, and often have a similar meaning. Understanding them can help you learn new vocabulary faster and more efficiently.

For example, the word family of “act” includes words like “action,” “actor,” and “react.” These words are related because they all come from the same root word, “act.”

Why are Word Families Important?

Learning word families is important for several reasons.

1 It allows you to learn multiple words at once that are related in meaning. This can help you to expand your vocabulary more quickly and efficiently.

2 Understanding word families can help you to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words. If you know the root word of a word you don’t know, you may be able to figure out its meaning based on its similarity to other words in that family.

3 Knowing word families can also help you to use words more accurately and appropriately in different contexts.

Examples of Word Families

Here are some examples of common word families in English:

Word FamilyExample Words
actaction, actor, react, active
happyhappiness, unhappy, happily, unhappily
nationnational, nationality, international, nationhood
beautybeautiful, beautifully, beautify, beautician
friendfriendly, friendship, unfriendly, friendliness

Learning and practicing word families is an important step in expanding your English vocabulary. By understanding the relationship between words, you can build a stronger foundation for reading, writing, and speaking in English. Keep practicing and reviewing these word families to improve your language skills.

 Vocabulary Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐

  1. Click on the START button
  2. Choose a number.
  3. Look at the clue on the left side of the crossword. This clue will help you guess the word that fits into the puzzle.
  4. Use the clues to fill in the words that match the number and direction (across or down) of the boxes.
  5. If you’re not sure of a word, try to guess based on the other letters that you’ve filled in. You can also use a dictionary or the internet to help you if you need it.

 Speaking Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐

  1. Complete the questions with a word from the word family list in the example section.
  2. Click on FLIP to check your answers
  3. Discuss the questions with your partner

✍️ Writing Practice

Complete the following table

choosechoose wisely

Complete the following sentence using the words from the table

  1. The _______ of the building was stunning.
  2. She will _____ at the airport tomorrow morning.
  3. I _____that he is telling the truth.
  4. He is _______ a new house on the outskirts of the city.
  5. It’s important to _____ constructively in order to help someone improve.
  6. I had to ______ between two job offers.
  7. Her ________ knows no bounds.
  8. Regular exercise can help you _______ your overall health.
  9. I _________ spending time with my family and friends.
  10. It’s important to ___________ carefully before making a decision.

Choose 10 words from the table and write your own sentences.

Share your answers in the comments below and I’ll share with you the answer key


How to Write a Movie Review

For the B2 FCE Cambridge exam

A movie review is an informal piece of writing that describes and evaluates a movie. Movie reviews are usually written by experts giving their opinion about the movie and published in newspapers, magazines, or blogs.

Parts of a movie review

1. Title

This should include the movie title and an eye-catching heading

2. Introduction

This paragraph should include the name of the movie, the genre, the director, the stars and any prizes they have won. You can also include information about the place and the time the movie is set and filmed. The purpose of this paragraph is that you engage the reader and give them a general idea of the type of movie you are going to review.

3. Summary

This part should include an outline of the main events along with general information about the characters and the plot. Your summary should NOT spoil the film. Therefore, you should not mention anything about the ending of the movie.

4. Analysis

In this section you should share your opinion about the movie. Your review should examine the plot, the actors, the special effects and the soundtrack. You can also compare the movie you are reviewing to a similar film in the same genre. In this section you can also give examples of the good elements and the bad elements in the movie.

5. Conclusion

In this part you should summarize your thoughts on the good and bad elements of the movie. Finally, you should evaluate the movie (give stars ⭐⭐⭐, thumbs up 👍 or thumbs down 👎) and make a recommendation. You should mention why you recommend/ don’t recommend the movie.

Now that you know which parts should be included in a movie review 🎞️🍿, let’s see an example:

Check the movie trailer out to learn more about “Little Boy”

Useful language to describe movies

Movie genre

  • an action movie
  • an animated movie
  • a drama
  • a historical movie
  • a horror movie
  • a musical
  • a romantic comedy
  • a science fiction movie
  • a thriller
  • a war movie
  • a western

People and things in movies

  • audience
  • cast
  • cinematography
  • extra
  • plot
  • review
  • scene
  • script
  • sequel
  • soundtrack
  • special effects
  • star
  • subtitles

Adjectives to describe movies

too boring
too scary
too slow
too long

Verbs and phrases

  • It was directed by …
  • It was written by…
  • It was dubbed into [languge]
  • The movie explores themes of …
  • The movie shows…
  • [Actor] played the part/role of [character]
  • It is set in…
  • It is based on the book…
  • It was shot on location in [city]
  • It’s about…
  • One of the main storylines is…
  • It stars…
  • In the end…
  • My favourite scene is…
  • I strongly recommend the movie because…

Pro tips for writing a movie review

  • Remember to write the movie’s title.
  • Write an eye-catching heading.
  • Remember to mention the genre of the movie.
  • Don’t forget the audience. Who is the movie for?
  • Don’t forget to include the names of the characters, the year the movie was made and if the movie or the actors have won any awards (For example, an Oscar, a Golden Globe, an MTV Movie Award, etc).
  • Never ever mention the ending!!! You don’t want to spoil the movie.
  • Remember to share your personal opinion and your evaluation.

Time to practice

You see this announcement in your English school magazine.

Review wanted!
Write a review about a movie you enjoyed or a film that you didn’t like. It could be a recent film or a movie that you watched a long time ago. Explain that is it about, why the main character is interesting/ boring and if you recommend it or not.

Type your answer in the box below, and I’ll give you personalized feedback.


What vocabulary do I need to study to level up my English?


Here you can see a list of the words that you need to master in order to level up according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)

Elementary (A2)

Click HERE to find a list of the vocabulary used in the KET test.

Remember that it is important that you:

  • Understand the meaning of these words
  • Can pronounce the words clearly
  • Can understand when other people say these words
  • Can use these words in context and in real situations

 Practice time

Click HERE to do some vocabulary practice for the KET exam

Intermediate (B1)

Click HERE to find a list of the vocabulary used in the PET test.

Remember that it is important that you:

  • Understand the meaning of these words
  • Can pronounce the words clearly
  • Can understand when other people say these words
  • Can use these words in context and in real situations

 Practice time

Vocabulary Topics for PET

PET Vocabulary Test

Word Building

Vocabulary Practice

Irregular verbs


Click HERE to find a list of the vocabulary used in the FCE test.

Remember that it is important that you:

  • Understand the meaning of these words
  • Can pronounce the words clearly
  • Can understand when other people say these words
  • Can use these words in context and in real situations

 Practice time

Click HERE to do some vocabulary practice for the FCE exam


Verb get


Get is one of the most common verbs in English. There are more than 280 definitions of the verb get. But don’t worry! You don’t have to memorize all the definitions. You need to learn how to use the most common phrasal verbs and verb phrases.

The most common definitions of the verb get are:

  • arrive
  • become
  • receive
  • buy
  • obtain
  • understand
 Vocabulary Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐

Part 1

Part 2


Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐


Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐⭐


Order of Adjectives


Adjectives are words that give us details or more information about a noun or a noun phrase. We use them to give an opinion, describe or give information about the size, age, shape, colour, pattern, nationality or origin and material of nouns.

 Vocabulary Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐

In English grammar, there is a common order of adjectives that is often used when multiple adjectives are used to describe a noun. The order is generally:

  1. Determiner (such as “a,” “an,” “the”, “some”)
  2. Opinion or observation (such as “beautiful,” “ugly,” “delicious,” “interesting”)
  3. Size (such as “big,” “small,” “tiny,” “large”)
  4. Shape (such as “round,” “square,” “oval,” “rectangular”)
  5. Age (such as “old,” “young,” “ancient,” “new”)
  6. Colour (such as “red,” “blue,” “green,” “yellow”)
  7. Pattern (such as “striped”, “plaid”, “plain:, “dotted”)
  8. Origin or nationality (such as “Italian,” “Mexican,” “Chinese,” “European”)
  9. Material or composition (such as “wooden,” “metallic,” “plastic,” “glass”)
  10. Purpose/ used for or qualifier (such as “wedding,” “working,” “flying,” “exercise”)

For example, in the phrase “a beautiful small round wooden jewelry box,” the word order of adjectives follows this pattern: determiner (“a”), opinion (“beautiful”), size (“small”), shape (“round”), material (“wooden”), purpose/used for (“jewelry”), and box is the noun


determineropinionsizeageshapecolourpatternoriginmaterialused fornoun







When there are two or more adjectives of the same category (such as two colours or two sizes), they can be arranged in any order without affecting the meaning of the sentence.

For example, “She wore a long red scarf” and “She wore a red long scarf” mean the same thing.

However, if the adjectives are of different categories, then the order should be maintained according to the standard order of adjectives.

For example, “He bought a small old French car” follows the standard order of adjectives: size (small), age (old), origin (French), and noun (car).

Level of difficulty:⭐⭐

Word Order of Adjectives Exercise

Instructions: This exercise contains ten multiple-choice questions about the order of adjectives. Each question consists of a set of adjectives and three different order options. Choose the option that correctly orders the adjectives based on the standard order of adjectives.

1. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a dress?

a) black, long, silk

b) silk, long, black

c) long, black, silk

2. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a cup?

a) glass, small, white

b) white, small, glass

c) small, white, glass

3. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a car?

a) old, red, Italian

b) Italian, red, old

c) red, old, Italian

4. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a cake?

a) chocolate, small, round

b) round, small, chocolate

c) small, round, chocolate

5. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a house?

a) modern, big, wooden

b) wooden, modern, big

c) big, wooden, modern

6. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a book?

a) new, thick, hardcover

b) hardcover, thick, new

c) thick, new, hardcover

7. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a dog?

a) small, fluffy, white

b) small, white, fluffy

c) fluffy, small, white

8. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a painting?

a) famous, Italian, large

b) large, famous, beautiful

c) beautiful, modern, large

9. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a pair of shoes?

a) black, leather, comfortable

b) comfortable, black, leather

c) black, comfortable, leather

10. What is the correct order for the following adjectives to describe a necklace?

a) white, gold, delicate

b) delicate, white, gold

c) gold, delicate, white


  1. c, 2. c, 3. a, 4. c, 5. a, 6. a, 7. b, 8. c, 9.b, 10. b

2021 New Words About Food


The cuisines of cultures have greatly influenced the way we refer to food. Some of the terms that we commonly use to refer to food are related to new ways of cooking and organization of food preparation.

Languages are always evolving and dictionaries keep adding new terms each year. This year, the Merriam-Webster dictionary has added a list of new food terms and new uses for some of the existing terms.

Here you have a set of flashcards with the new words about food that includes the pronunciation:

Practice time

  1. Review the flashcards
  2. Click on the red button to do the online crossword.


Temperature related words

In this mini lesson you will learn how to pronounce the following words:



degrees Celsius (°C)

degrees Fahrenheit (°F)

Kelvin (K)

You will also learn how to ask about the temperature of a place or a thing.


Practice time

  1. What’s the weather usually like in your city?
  2. How cold/ hot is it in your city today?
  3. What units do people use in your country to measure the temperature?
  4. Listen to the following song. Find the following phrase “200°F, that’s why they call me mister Fahrenheit” Type in the comments the second or the minute you hear it.

Prefixes and Suffixes

Prefixes and suffixes are letters that we add to words. Both prefixes and suffixes are grammatical elements that belong to a group of words called affixes. Affixes sometimes seem like a crazy code. Indeed, they are like a code based on ancient Latin and Greek.

The word affix means in addition to. When they are combined with words or roots they produce new words with different meanings.


root: happy

prefix: unhappy

suffix: happily

If we learn the meaning of the most common affixes we can understand the code. We can make good guesses even we don’t know the meaning of a word based on the part we recognize.

You will be able to understand thousands of English words if you know the most common Latin and Greek roots and affixes.

Knowing roots and affixes is very handy when we have to learn vocabulary related to Science, Math and Business.

Examples of common Greek and Latin roots and affixes:

cyclGreek circle, wheelbicycle
Common Greek and Latin roots and affixes. Adapted from Everything you Need to Ace English Language Arts in One Big Notebook (page 79 and 80)

Practice time

  1. Based on the following words, what do you think the root “aud” might mean? audible, auditorium, audience
  2. If “scope” means to see, would you expect a spectroscope to measure light or to measure sound?
  3. Can an affix appear at the end of a word? Why?
  4. Think of other words that contain the root “cycle
  5. Create one new word using the roots and affixes from the table. Write down its meaning.

Share your answers in the comments below.


Online Class Etiquette

Globalization has changed the way we communicate with others. Nowadays, we can use the internet to attend classes or work meetings. Therefore, we should learn how to behave during our online classes and meetings.

Netiquette allows people to communicate with others over the internet in a polite and professional manner.

The word netiquette comes from the words network and etiquette. It is defined a set of rules that facilitates social interactions online.

Here there is a list of netiquette rules that you should keep in mind during your virtual sessions:

1 Be on time

It’s better to be at least 5 minutes early rather than late.

Punctuality is a good habit that builds self-confidence. Being on time also eliminates stress from your life by removing the anxiety of being late.

2 Come to class prepared

Have every thing that you need for your class ready, including your textbooks, notebooks, pens and other materials that you might need.

If you use an online dictionary, an app or PDFs open them before your class starts.

3 Settle into a quiet spot

Maybe you can study in a noisy place. However, most students can’t focus and pay attention to the class if the virtual classroom is noisy.

Stay on mute. Keeping your mic off lessens distractions. Background noise can be annoying and make it difficult to understand what people are saying.

Pro tip: If you are in a noisy place, use a noise-canceling headset to eliminate background noise. You can also activate a noise suppression filter. Most video call platforms such as Zoom, Teams, Skype, etc have the option to activate a noise suppression filter.

If the noise suppression filter is not enough you can use a noise cancelling software to remove noise.

Krisp is a FREE software that you can use with any communication app.


4 Turn your camera ON

Having your camera on creates a more personal class atmosphere.

When we communicate orally with other people we use our voice, body gestures and facial expressions. Camera use allows your teacher and your classmates understand you better. So they can sense how you feel and give you feedback to improve communication.

5 Participate and be helpful

Class participation is super important if you want to learn faster. Also, your classes will have more fun and you will feel more energetic if you participate during class. If you are a shy person or don’t know how to participate during your online classes, check the following article:

Practice Time
  1. How easy is for you to communicate with other people if you are in a noisy place?
  2. Which do you prefer, taking classes in person or online? Why?
  3. Do you prefer just speaking with people on the phone/Whatsapp? or Do you prefer having a video call? Why?
Online Class Etiquette


Happy Thanksgiving!

Today I’m thankful for YOU!

Today we celebrate Thanksgiving in Canada. Thanksgiving is celebrated on the second Monday of October each year. Most families have a special dinner that consists mainly in turkey and stuffing, mashed potatoes, squash or turnips, cranberries sauce, and pumpkin pie. It’s a time to spend with family and friends.

Typical Canadian Thanksgiving dinner

Vocabulary related to Thanksgiving

Vocabulary related to Thanksgiving

Grammar related to Thanksgiving

Canadian families have different traditions during Thanksgiving dinner. My family has a special tradition before eating dinner. First, we say grace, which is a short prayer to give thanks. Then, each person says something they are thankful for. Thanksgiving is a time to reflect and give thanks for one’s life, health, food, family, friends, work, and freedom. 

How to use the word thankful?

First let’s analyze what part of the speech is the word thankful. It’s similar to the word thank, right? The word thank is a verb, so thankful is and adjective (many adjectives have a ‘ful’ ending). Can you guess what the adverb form is? Yes, the adverb form is thankfully (many adverbs have a ‘ly’ ending). Yay! We already have made a word family.

  • thank (verb)
  • thankful (adjective)
  • thankfully (adverb)

The word thankful represents a feeling that people experience when they are happy because of someone or something. It is commonly used to express gratitude.

Thankful for someone or something


He is thankful for his wife.

I’m so thankful for all the support I’ve received during these hard times.

Thankful to do something


I’m so thankful to be alive.

She is thankful to have a job

Practice time

What are you are thankful for today?

Share your answer in the comments below.

For more details about word families, check this: