Articles (part 2)

In a previous post we discussed the basic differences between the indefinite articles (a/an) and the definite article (the). As you can see in the Introduction to articles some of the patterns for the usage of articles in English are easy to remember. However, the use of articles in English is very complex. Using articlesContinue reading “Articles (part 2)”

Articles (Part 1)

Articles are tiny words that go before nouns. There are 3 common articles in English: a, an and the. A and an are indefinite articles. It means that we use them to talk about things in general = one of many. The is a definite article. It means that we use it to talk aboutContinue reading “Articles (Part 1)”

Gerunds and Infinitives

Gerund (+) verbing (-) not verbing We use the gerund (verb + ing) After prepositions and phrasal verbs As the subject of the sentence After some verbs: admit, avoid, deny, dislike, enjoy, feel like, finish, hate, keep, like, love, mind, miss, practice, prefer, recommend, spend time/money, stop, suggest, give up, go on, etc. The infinitiveContinue reading “Gerunds and Infinitives”

been to vs. gone to

Let’s talk about verb be and verb go You already know that: Base form simple past past participle be was/ were been go went gone Now, let’s say that you want to talk about your trips. If you want to talk about your trips and the places that you have visited in the past youContinue reading “been to vs. gone to”

Introduction to Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs are two-word verbs. They include a verb and a particle. The particle can be a preposition or an adverb. Common particles are: up, down, back, out, on, off, or in. When a verb and a particle are put together the resulting verb phrase has a complete different meaning. Examples: I usually eat outContinue reading “Introduction to Phrasal Verbs”

Prefixes and Suffixes

Prefixes and suffixes are letters that we add to words. Both prefixes and suffixes are grammatical elements that belong to a group of words called affixes. Affixes sometimes seem like a crazy code. Indeed, they are like a code based on ancient Latin and Greek. The word affix means in addition to. When they areContinue reading “Prefixes and Suffixes”

Two-word Question Words

Questions are essential part of communication in any language. If we want to get information or more details we usually place a question word at the beginning of the question. The question word refers to the information that we want to get. For example: Question word Information we want to get Example Who person WhoContinue reading “Two-word Question Words”

Question Formation Common mistakes -Be…? Do…? Have…?

Do have difficulties forming questions in English? I know! Question forms are tricky. Sometimes we need to invert the subject and the verb, other times we need to add an auxiliary verb, and other times we need to invert the subject and the auxiliary. Here there is a list of the most common English mistakesContinue reading “Question Formation Common mistakes -Be…? Do…? Have…?”

Questions: Be…? Do…? Have…?

Asking questions in English can be tricky, eh! Sometimes we have to invert the subject and the verb to make a question. Example: You are my friend Are you my friend? Sometimes we have to use an auxiliary verb to make a question. Example: You like coffee. Do you like coffee? Is there an easyContinue reading “Questions: Be…? Do…? Have…?”

Difference between if I was and if I were

I was We use “I was” or “If I was” when we talk about real things that actually happened in the past. The conjugation for the verb be in the past form is I was You were He/ She/ It was We were They were Simple past verb be Examples: When I was 10 yearsContinue reading “Difference between if I was and if I were”