Passive Voice

The passive voice is a grammatical construction used in English to emphasize the object of an action rather than the subject. In a passive sentence, the subject is being acted upon or is receiving the action, while the doer of the action is often placed in a prepositional phrase or omitted altogether.

FormationThe passive voice is formed by using the appropriate form of the verb “to be” (e.g., is, am, are, was, were) followed by the past participle of the main verb.
Object as the subjectIn passive voice sentences, the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence.
Use of “by” (optional)When we want to mention the doer of the action in the passive voice, we use the preposition “by” followed by the doer.
Focus on the action or objectThe passive voice is used when we want to emphasize the action itself or the object being acted upon, rather than the doer of the action.
Common situations for passive voiceThe passive voice is commonly used when the doer of the action is unknown, unimportant, or obvious from the context. It is also used when talking about general truths, scientific facts, or processes.

Grammar Patterns

Tense/FormGrammar PatternExamples
Simple Presentis/are + past participleThe car is washed every week.
Past Simplewas/were + past participleThe book was written by Mark Twain.
Past Continuouswas/were being + past participleThe house was being renovated last month.
Present Perfect Simplehas/have been + past participleThe package has been delivered.
Present Perfect Continuoushas/have been being + past participleThe movie has been being filmed for months.
Past Perfect Simplehad been + past participleThe project had been completed before the deadline.
Modal + Passive Formmodal verb (can/could/may/might/should, etc.) + be + past participleThe document can be signed tomorrow.
Be Going to + Passive Formam/is/are going to be + past participleThe room is going to be cleaned this afternoon.
Gerund + Passive Formbeing + past participleBeing loved by everyone is a great feeling.

Grammar Practice

Speaking Practice