Present Perfect and Adverbs

Present Perfect Review

The present perfect tense is a verb form used to connect past actions or events to the present. It indicates that something started in the past and has a relevance or connection to the present moment. In other words, it emphasizes the relationship between past actions and their impact on the current situation.

Grammar pattern
Form: Subject + have/has + past participle (3rd form)
Expressing Experiences“I have visited Paris several times.”
Unfinished Actions“They have studied English for three years.”
Actions with Relevance“She has lost her keys.”
Recent Past“He has just arrived home.”

Adverbs used with Present Perfect

There are some adverbs that we can use with present perfect to make emphasis or add additional details.

AlreadyBefore the present time or earlier than expected“I have already finished my homework.”
EvenEmphasizing a surprising or unexpected situation“I’ve been very busy. I haven’t even had time to have lunch.”
EverAt any time in the past or in one’s life“Have you ever traveled abroad?”
JustReferring to a very recent past or a short time ago“He’s just come back from Brazil.”
LatelyIn the recent past or during a recent period“I haven’t seen him lately.”
NeverNot at any time in the past or in one’s life“I have never been to Australia.”
OnlyIndicating exclusivity or emphasizing limitations“I’ve only done the first year of my course.”
RecentlyIn the near past or not long ago“She has recently started a new job.”
So farDescribing the extent of an action up to the present time“They have visited three countries so far.”
StillIndicating that a situation or action is continuing or ongoing“I still haven’t found what I’m looking for
YetExpressing an action or event expected to happen but hasn’t occurred until now“They haven’t finished their project yet.”

Grammar practice

Speaking practice


Present Perfect vs. Present Perfect Continuous


We use the present perfect:

  1. to talk about past experiences when we don’t say when something happened (when the action was finished). Example: I’ve travelled to Brazil many times.
  2. with yet, already, ever, and never. Example: I’ve already finished my homework.
  3. with superlatives and the first, second, the last time, etc. Example: Canada is the most beautiful place I’ve visited.
  4. with non action verbs (= verbs not usually used in the continuous form, for example, be, have, know, like, understand, believe, etc) to say that something started in the past and is still true now. Example: I‘ve known my best friend since we were in high school.
  5. when we say or ask how much/many we have done or how often we have done something up to no (so far). Example: I’ve written 5 essays so far.

We use the present perfect continuous:

  1. with action verbs, to say that an action started in the past and is still happening now. Example: I’ve been writing this article for 2 hours.
  2. this use is common with time expression such as How long …?, for, since, all day/morning/afternoon/evening/ week, etc. Example: I’ve been studying all morning.
  3. for repeated actions especially with the time expression all day, recently. Example: She’s been cleaning her house all day.
  4. for continuous actions that have just finished (but that have present results). Example: I’ve been doing my homework.

Grammar Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐

Speaking Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐

Student A -> Complete the question

Student B -> Answer the question

Flip the tile to check if your dialogue was correct

Repeat the dialogue and ask follow-up questions to get more details

Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐⭐

  1. Choose a picture (scroll the arrows <> to see the whole picture)
  2. Discuss the following questions with your partner. Give as many details as you can.
  • What has happened?
  • What have they been doing recently? Why?


been to vs. gone to


Let’s talk about verb be and verb go

You already know that:

Base formsimple pastpast participle
bewas/ werebeen

Now, let’s say that you want to talk about your trips. If you want to talk about your trips and the places that you have visited in the past you can’t use verb go in the present perfect form.

simple present1. I usually go to Paris in the summer. ✔️
simple past2. I went to Paris last year. ✔️
present perfect3. I have gone to Paris many times. ❌
I have been to Paris many times ✔️



been tocompleted visits (round trip)
gone toone-way trip

In the video below I explain how to use been to and gone to correctly


Practice time

Now it’s your turn.

Complete the following sentences with been or gone:

  1. My mom has ________ to the supermarket. She’ll be back in an hour.
  2. I’ve ________ to that place before. I know how to get there.
  3. You’re late. Where have you ________?
  4. Where has the teacher _________? She was here 5 minutes ago.
  5. She’s ________ to New York for a job interview.
  6. Has he ________ home? The party hasn’t finished yet.
  7. Have you ever _______ to Australia?
  8. The children have ________ to school.
  9. The fridge is full of fresh food. I’ve _______ to the supermarket?
  10. My dad has ________ to the dentist.