GRAMMAR

I would like vs. I wish

The difference between “I would like” and “I wish” + simple past can be confusing for English language learners. Both expressions express a desire, but they are used in different ways.

“I would like” is used to express a future hope or request, while “I wish” + simple past is used to express a desire for a situation or event that hasn’t happened or isn’t currently happening.

Examples:

I would like a cup of coffee. -> expresses a future request for a cup of coffee.

I wish I had a cup of coffee right now. -> expresses a desire for coffee that is not currently available.

I would like to learn Spanish. -> expresses a future hope or desire to learn Spanish.

I wish I had studied Spanish in school -> expresses a desire for a past event (studying Spanish in school) that did not happen.

Here are some more examples:

would like
request or hope
wish
desire of an unreal situation
I would like a piece of cakeI wish I had a piece of cake right now
I would like to go to the movies tonightI wish I had gone to the movies last night
I would like to visit ParisI wish I had visited Paris when I had the chance

If you are still confused, you can find an easy explanation in your first language 🇪🇸 🇵🇹 🇨🇳 🇷🇺 🇺🇦 🇹🇷 🇯🇵 👇

🇪🇸 Spanish

La diferencia entre “I would like” y “I wish” + pasado simple puede resultar confusa. Ambos términos expresan un deseo, pero hay diferencias importantes en su uso.

I would like” se utiliza para expresar un deseo para el futuro o el presente, mientras que “I wish” + pasado simple se utiliza para expresar un deseo para el pasado o una situación que no es verdadera en el presente.

Por ejemplo, “I would like a cup of tea” significa “Me gustaría una taza de té” y expresa un deseo en el presente o en el futuro inmediato. En contraste, “I wish I had a cup of tea” significa “Ojalá tuviera una taza de té”, pero implica que la persona no tiene té en el momento presente.

Otro ejemplo es “I would like to visit Brazil” que significa “Me gustaría visitar Brasil” expresando un deseo para el futuro, mientras que “I wish I had visited Brazil last year” significa “Ojalá hubiera visitado Brasil el año pasado” expresando un deseo para el pasado.

Aquí hay algunos ejemplos más para ayudar a ilustrar la diferencia:

DeseoEstructura
Me gustaría tener un coche nuevoI would like to have a new car
Me gustaría ir a la playa mañanaI would like to go to the beach tomorrow
Ojalá hubiera estudiado más para el examen
Ojalá (que) + pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo
I wish I had studied harder for the exam
Ojalá mis amigos pudieran venir a mi fiesta
Ojalá (que) + pretérito imperfecto de subjuntivo
I wish my friends could come to my party

🇵🇹 Portuguese

A diferença entre “I would like” e “I wish” + passado simples pode ser confusa. Ambos os termos indicam um desejo, mas existem diferenças importantes em seu uso.

I would like” é usado para expressar um desejo para o futuro ou o presente, enquanto “I wish” + passado simples é usado para expressar um desejo para o passado ou uma situação que não é verdadeira no presente.

Por exemplo, “I would like a cup of tea” significa “Eu gostaria de uma xícara de chá” e expressa um desejo no presente ou no futuro imediato. Em contraste, “I wish I had a cup of tea” significa “Eu gostaria de ter uma xícara de chá”, mas implica que a pessoa não tem chá no momento presente.

Outro exemplo é “I would like to visit Brazil” que significa “Eu gostaria de visitar o Brasil” expressando um desejo para o futuro, enquanto “I wish I had visited Brazil last year” significa “Eu gostaria de ter visitado o Brasil no ano passado” expressando um desejo para o passado.

Aqui estão alguns outros exemplos para ajudar a ilustrar a diferença:

DesejoEstrutura
Eu gostaria de ter um carro novoI would like to have a new car
Eu gostaria de ir para a praia amanhãI would like to go to the beach tomorrow
Eu gostaria de ter estudado mais para a provaI wish I had studied harder for the exam
Eu gostaria que meus amigos pudessem vir para a minha festaI wish my friends could come to my party

Espero que esta explicação ajude os alunos de inglês como segunda língua que falam português a entender a diferença entre “I would like” e “I wish” + passado simples.

🇨🇳 Chinese

对于讲中文的英语作为第二语言学习者来说,“I would like” 和 “I wish” + 过去式之间的区别可能会有些困惑。这两个表达方式都表示一种愿望,但它们在使用上有着重要的区别。

“I would like” 用于表示对未来或现在的愿望,而 “I wish” + 过去式则用于表示对过去或当前不真实情况的愿望。

例如,“I would like a cup of tea” 表示“我想要一杯茶”,表示现在或将来的愿望。相比之下,“I wish I had a cup of tea” 表示“我希望我有一杯茶”,但是暗示着当前的情况是没有茶可供享用的。

另一个例子是 “I would like to visit Brazil” 表示 “我想要去巴西”,表示一个对未来的愿望,而 “I wish I had visited Brazil last year” 表示“我希望去年我去了巴西”,表示对过去的愿望。

以下是一些其他的例子,帮助说明它们之间的区别:

愿望结构
我想要一辆新车I would like to have a new car
我想明天去海滩I would like to go to the beach tomorrow
我希望我更努力地复习考试I wish I had studied harder for the exam
我希望我的朋友能来参加我的派对I wish my friends could come to my party

希望这个解释可以帮助讲中文的英语作为第二语言学习者理解 “I would like” 和 “I wish” + 过去式之间的区别。

🇷🇺 Russian

Для русскоговорящих студентов, изучающих английский язык как второй язык, разница между “I would like” и “I wish” + простое прошедшее время может быть запутанной. Оба выражения выражают желание, но есть важные различия в их использовании.

“I would like” используется, чтобы выразить желание на будущее или настоящее время, в то время как “I wish” + простое прошедшее время используется, чтобы выразить желание на прошлое время или на ситуацию, которая не является истинной в настоящее время.

Например, “I would like a cup of tea” означает “Я бы хотел чашку чая” и выражает желание на настоящее или будущее время. В отличие от этого, “I wish I had a cup of tea” означает “Я бы хотел, чтобы у меня была чашка чая”, но это подразумевает, что человек не имеет чая в настоящее время.

Еще один пример: “I would like to visit Brazil” означает “Я бы хотел посетить Бразилию” и выражает желание на будущее время, в то время как “I wish I had visited Brazil last year” означает “Я желал бы, чтобы я посетил Бразилию в прошлом году” и выражает желание на прошлое время.

Ниже приведены еще несколько примеров, чтобы помочь проиллюстрировать разницу:

ЖеланиеСтруктура
Я бы хотел новую машинуI would like to have a new car
Я бы хотел пойти на пляж завтраI would like to go to the beach tomorrow
Я желал бы, чтобы я учился усерднее на экзаменеI wish I had studied harder for the exam
Я желал бы, чтобы мои друзья могли прийти на мою вечеринкуI wish my friends could come to my party

🇺🇦 Ukranian

Для україномовних студентів, які вивчають англійську мову як другу мову, різниця між “I would like” та “I wish” + простий минулий час може бути заплутаною. Обидва вирази виражають бажання, але є важливі відмінності в їх використанні.

“I would like” використовується, щоб висловити бажання на майбутнє або наступний час, тоді як “I wish” + простий минулий час використовується, щоб висловити бажання на минулий час або на ситуацію, яка не є істинною в даний час.

Наприклад, “I would like a cup of tea” означає “Я б хотів чашку чаю” і виражає бажання на майбутнє або наступний час. У відмінність від цього, “I wish I had a cup of tea” означає “Я бажав би мати чашку чаю”, але це підтверджує, що людина зараз не має чаю.

Ще один приклад: “I would like to visit Brazil” означає “Я б хотів відвідати Бразилію” і виражає бажання на майбутнє, тоді як “I wish I had visited Brazil last year” означає “Я бажав би, щоб я відвідав Бразилію в минулому році” і виражає бажання на минулий час.

Нижче наведено додаткові приклади, щоб проілюструвати різницю:

БажанняСтруктура
Я б хотів нову машинуI would like to have a new car
Я б хотів піти на пляж завтраI would like to go to the beach tomorrow
Я бажав би, щоб я вчився старанніше на іспитіI wish I had studied harder for the exam
Я бажав би, щоб мої друзі могли прийти на мою вечіркуI wish my friends could come to my party

🇹🇷 Turkish

Türkçe konuşan English öğrencileri için, “I would like” ve “I wish” + basit geçmiş zaman arasındaki fark, kafa karıştırıcı olabilir. Her iki ifade de bir dileği ifade eder, ancak kullanımları arasında önemli farklılıklar vardır.

“I would like”, gelecekteki bir arzu veya isteği ifade etmek için kullanılırken, “I wish” + basit geçmiş zaman, geçmişte olan veya şu anda gerçekleşmeyen bir durum veya olay için bir dilek ifade etmek için kullanılır.

Örneğin, “I would like a cup of coffee” ifadesi, “Bir fincan kahve istiyorum” anlamına gelir ve gelecekteki bir arzuyu ifade ederken, “I wish I had a cup of coffee right now” ifadesi, “Şu anda bir fincan kahvem olsaydı keşke” anlamına gelir ve şu anda gerçekleşmeyen bir dileği ifade eder.

Başka bir örnek vermek gerekirse, “I would like to learn Spanish” ifadesi, “İspanyolca öğrenmek istiyorum” anlamına gelir ve gelecekteki bir arzuyu ifade ederken, “I wish I had learned Spanish in high school” ifadesi, “Lise’de İspanyolca öğrenmiş olsaydım keşke” anlamına gelir ve geçmişte olan bir durum için bir dileği ifade eder.

Aşağıda, farkı açıklamak için daha fazla örnek verilmiştir:

DilekYapısı
Bir kutu çikolata istiyorumI would like a box of chocolates
Bu hafta sonu seyahat etmek istiyorumI would like to travel this weekend
Lisede daha fazla dil öğrenmiş olmayı dilerdimI wish I had learned more languages in high school
Şimdi sahilde olmak isterdimI wish I were at the beach right now

🇯🇵 Japanese

日本語を話す英語学習者の方々にとって、「I would like」と「I wish」+過去形の違いは混乱しやすいものかもしれません。これらの表現はどちらも願いを表現しますが、使い方には重要な違いがあります。

「I would like」は、将来の希望や要望を表現するときに使用されますが、「I wish」+過去形は、過去または現在実現していない状況や出来事に対する願いを表現するときに使用されます。

例えば、「I would like a cup of coffee」は、「コーヒーを一杯欲しい」という意味で、将来の要望を表現しています。「I wish I had a cup of coffee right now」は、「今すぐにコーヒーがあればいいのに」という意味で、現在実現していない願いを表現しています。

もう一つの例として、「I would like to learn Japanese」は、「日本語を学びたい」という意味で、将来の希望を表現しています。「I wish I had studied harder in school」は、「もっと勉強していればよかった」という意味で、過去の出来事に対する願いを表現しています。

以下に、より多くの例を示します。

願い表現方法
チョコレートの箱が欲しいI would like a box of chocolates
今週末に旅行したいI would like to travel this weekend
学校でもっと勉強しておけばよかったと思うI wish I had studied harder in school
今、海辺にいたいI wish I were at the beach right now
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GRAMMAR

Difference between “Would have” and “Could have” – Third Conditional

The third conditional is a complex grammar structure used in English to talk about hypothetical or imaginary situations that could have happened in the past.

Grammar pattern:

if + past perfect, would/could + have + past participle

Understanding the differences between “would have” and “could have” in the third conditional can be very challenging for English learners.

In this mini-lesson I’ll break down the grammar patterns and meanings of “would have” and “could have” in the third conditional, and provide examples to help you understand their usage.

Would have” is used to describe a hypothetical or imaginary situation in the past that did not actually happen. It implies that the result was not possible or likely to happen, regardless of what might have been done. For example:

  • If I had studied harder, I would have passed the exam.
  • If I had known you were coming, I would have baked a cake.

In both examples, “would have” suggests that the speaker didn’t pass the exam or bake a cake because they didn’t study hard enough or didn’t know about the visit, respectively.

On the other hand, “could have” is used to suggest that the result was possible or could have happened if something had been done differently. For example:

  • If I had studied harder, I could have passed the exam.
  • If I had known you were coming, I could have baked a cake.

In both examples, “could have” suggests that passing the exam or baking a cake was a possibility if the speaker had done something differently, such as studying harder or knowing about the visit in advance.

To make it easier to understand, let’s compare the grammar patterns and meanings of “would have” and “could have” in the third conditional in a table:

MeaningModalExamples
Hypothetical or imaginary situation in the past that did not actually happen. Implies that the result was not possible or likely to happen, regardless of what might have been done.would have
Third Conditional
If I had arrived earlier, I would have caught the train.
If he had studied harder, he would have passed the exam.
Suggests that the result was possible or could have happened if something had been done differently.could have
Third Conditional
If I had known you were coming, I could have baked a cake.
If she had practiced more, she could have won the competition.

In conclusion, mastering the differences between “would have” and “could have” in the third conditional is crucial for communicating effectively in English. By using these two modal verbs correctly, you can express regret, speculate about what could have happened, and talk about hypothetical situations in the past with greater precision and accuracy.

If you are still confused, you can find an easy explanation in your first language 🇪🇸  🇵🇹 🇨🇳 🇷🇺 🇺🇦 🇹🇷 🇯🇵👇

🇪🇸 Spanish

SignificadoEstructura GramaticalEjemplos
Situación hipotética o imaginaria en el pasado que no ocurrió en realidad. Implica que el resultado no era posible o probable que sucediera, independientemente de lo que se hubiera hecho. would + have + participio pasadoSi hubiera llegado antes, habría cogido el tren.
Si hubiera estudiado más, habría aprobado el examen.
Sugiere que el resultado era posible o podría haber sucedido si algo se hubiera hecho de manera diferente.could + have + participio pasadoSi hubiera sabido que venías, podría haber horneado un pastel.
Si ella hubiera practicado más, podría haber ganado la competición.

🇵🇹 Portuguese

SignificadoEstrutura GramaticalExemplos
Situação hipotética ou imaginária no passado que não ocorreu na realidade. Implica que o resultado não era possível ou provável que acontecesse, independentemente do que tivesse sido feito.condicional perfeito (would + have + particípio passado)Se eu tivesse chegado mais cedo, teria pego o trem. Se eu tivesse estudado mais, teria passado no exame.
Sugere que o resultado era possível ou poderia ter acontecido se algo tivesse sido feito de forma diferente.condicional perfeito (could + have + particípio passado)Se eu soubesse que você vinha, poderia ter assado um bolo. Se ela tivesse praticado mais, poderia ter ganhado a competição.

🇨🇳 Chinese

意义语法结构例子
过去的虚拟或想象情境,实际上并没有发生。无论做了什么,结果都不可能或不太可能发生。如果 + 过去完成时,would + have + 过去分词如果我早到一点,就能赶上那班火车了。如果我多学一点,就能通过考试了。
表达某个结果在过去是可能或本来可以发生的,只要当时有做出不同的行动或做出了不同的选择。如果 + 过去完成时,could + have + 过去分词如果我知道你要来,我本来可以烤一个蛋糕的。如果她多练习一点,她本来可以赢得比赛的。

🇷🇺 Russian

начениеГрамматическая конструкцияПримеры
Гипотетическая или вымышленная ситуация в прошлом, которая на самом деле не произошла. Подразумевает, что результат не был возможен или вероятен, независимо от того, что было сделано.Если + прошедшее совершенное время, would + have + прошедшее причастиеЕсли бы я пришёл раньше, я бы успел на поезд. Если бы я больше учился, я бы сдал экзамен.
Подразумевает, что результат был возможен или мог произойти, если бы что-то было сделано по-другому.Если + прошедшее совершенное время, could + have + прошедшее причастиеЕсли бы я знал, что ты идёшь, я мог бы испечь торт. Если бы она больше тренировалась, она могла бы выиграть соревнование.

🇺🇦 Ukrainian

наченняГраматична конструкціяПриклади
Гіпотетична або уявна ситуація в минулому, яка насправді не трапилася. Підтверджує, що результат не був можливим або ймовірним, незалежно від того, що було зроблено.якщо + минулий доконаний час, would + have + минулий дієприкметникЯкби я прийшов раніше, я би встиг на потяг. Якби я більше вчився, я би здав іспит.
Підтверджує, що результат був можливим або міг статися, якби щось було зроблено по-іншому.якщо + минулий доконаний час, could + have + минулий дієприкметникЯкби я знав, що ти йдеш, я міг би спекти торт. Якби вона більше тренувалася, вона могла б виграти змагання.

🇹🇷 Turkish

AnlamDilbilgisi YapısıÖrnekler
Gerçekleşmeyen hayali ya da varsayımsal bir durum. Sonucun gerçekleşmesinin mümkün ya da olası olmadığını ima eder.Eğer + geçmiş zaman, would + have + V3Eğer önceden gelmiş olsaydım, trene yetişirdim. Daha fazla çalışmış olsaydım, sınavı geçerdim.
Sonucun gerçekleşmesinin mümkün ya da olası olduğunu, farklı bir şey yapılsaydı gerçekleşebileceğini ima eder.Eğer + geçmiş zaman, could + have + V3Sen geldiğini söyleseydin, bir pasta yapabilirdim. Daha fazla çalışmış olsaydı, yarışmayı kazanabilirdi.

🇯🇵 Japanese

意味文法パターン
実際には起こらなかった過去の仮想的または想像上の状況。結果が実現する可能性がなかった、あるいは起こらなかったことを示す。if + 過去完了形、would + have + 過去分詞もし前に着いていたら、電車に乗れたのに。 もしもっと勉強していたら、試験に合格できたのに。
結果が可能であったり、何かが異なっていれば実現できたと示唆する。if + 過去完了形、could + have + 過去分詞君が来ると言ってくれたら、ケーキを焼いていたのに。 彼女がもっと練習していたら、競技会に勝てたのに。
VOCABULARY

Word Families

As an English learner, building a strong vocabulary is essential to improving your English language skills. One way to achieve this is by learning about word families.

What are Word Families?

Word families are groups of words that share the same root or base word, and often have a similar meaning. Understanding them can help you learn new vocabulary faster and more efficiently.

For example, the word family of “act” includes words like “action,” “actor,” and “react.” These words are related because they all come from the same root word, “act.”

Why are Word Families Important?

Learning word families is important for several reasons.

1 It allows you to learn multiple words at once that are related in meaning. This can help you to expand your vocabulary more quickly and efficiently.

2 Understanding word families can help you to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words. If you know the root word of a word you don’t know, you may be able to figure out its meaning based on its similarity to other words in that family.

3 Knowing word families can also help you to use words more accurately and appropriately in different contexts.

Examples of Word Families

Here are some examples of common word families in English:

Word FamilyExample Words
actaction, actor, react, active
happyhappiness, unhappy, happily, unhappily
nationnational, nationality, international, nationhood
beautybeautiful, beautifully, beautify, beautician
friendfriendly, friendship, unfriendly, friendliness

Learning and practicing word families is an important step in expanding your English vocabulary. By understanding the relationship between words, you can build a stronger foundation for reading, writing, and speaking in English. Keep practicing and reviewing these word families to improve your language skills.

 Vocabulary Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐

  1. Click on the START button
  2. Choose a number.
  3. Look at the clue on the left side of the crossword. This clue will help you guess the word that fits into the puzzle.
  4. Use the clues to fill in the words that match the number and direction (across or down) of the boxes.
  5. If you’re not sure of a word, try to guess based on the other letters that you’ve filled in. You can also use a dictionary or the internet to help you if you need it.

 Speaking Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐

  1. Complete the questions with a word from the word family list in the example section.
  2. Click on FLIP to check your answers
  3. Discuss the questions with your partner

✍️ Writing Practice

Complete the following table

NounVerbAdjectiveAdverb
appearapparently
arrivearriving
beliefbelievable
buildbuilt
choosechoose wisely
criticismcritical
decidedecisive
descriptiondescriptive
enjoyenjoyably
explorationexploratory
fail
imaginationimagine
improvementimproved
lovelovely
move
readingread
thinkthoughtful
usageuse
workwork

Complete the following sentence using the words from the table

  1. The _______ of the building was stunning.
  2. She will _____ at the airport tomorrow morning.
  3. I _____that he is telling the truth.
  4. He is _______ a new house on the outskirts of the city.
  5. It’s important to _____ constructively in order to help someone improve.
  6. I had to ______ between two job offers.
  7. Her ________ knows no bounds.
  8. Regular exercise can help you _______ your overall health.
  9. I _________ spending time with my family and friends.
  10. It’s important to ___________ carefully before making a decision.

Choose 10 words from the table and write your own sentences.

Share your answers in the comments below and I’ll share with you the answer key

FLUENCY

Tips for Comparing Answers in Breakout Rooms

Do you want to improve your English conversation skills in breakout rooms?

Breakout rooms are a great opportunity to practice your speaking and listening skills with other students. However, it can sometimes be challenging to express your thoughts and ideas clearly in a group setting.

If you want to improve your English conversation skills, one of the best strategies is to practice comparing your answers with others. This not only helps you clarify your own ideas and opinions but also allows you to learn from your classmates and gain new perspectives on a variety of topics

You can ask your classmates for their answers directly by simply saying:

“What’s your answer to question/ exercise _______?”

You can respond:

I agree” = same answer

I disagree” = different answer

However, there are more ways of communicating with your classmates during pair or small group activities in the classroom or in the breakout rooms.

Here I will share 10 phrases that can help you communicate effectively in breakout rooms, along with some tips on how to use them.

Let’s get started!

1. “Your answer is like mine.”

📢 /yor an suh riz layk mayn/

When you want to show that you have a similar answer to someone else, you can use this phrase. It helps you connect with them and continue talking together.

2. “Our answers are the same/different because…”

📢/awe ran suhr zar thuh seym bi koz/

📢/awe ran suhr zar di fuh ruhnt bi koz/

When you want to compare your answer with someone else’s, this phrase is useful. It allows you to express your agreement or disagreement while also giving a reason for your opinion.

3. “I think your answer is good because…”

📢 /ay thingk yor an suh riz gud bi coz/

This phrase is helpful when you want to say that you like someone’s idea. It can make them feel good and encourage them to share more. It also shows that you think everyone’s opinion is important and helps to create a friendly atmosphere where people can work together

4. “I have a different answer from you because…”

📢 /ay ha va di fuh ruhn tan suhr fram ju bi koz//

It’s okay if you think differently from others. You can use this sentence to explain your own ideas and why they are not the same as the other person’s.

5. “Your answer is interesting because…”

📢/yor an suh ri zin truhs ting bi coz/

When someone gives a good answer, it’s nice to let them know. You can use this sentence to say that you liked their idea and keep talking about the topic.

6. “We both agree that…”

📢/wee bow thuh gree that/

When you use this sentence, it’s a great way to find similarities with someone. It means you both think alike, and it can help you become friends and trust each other.

7. “I never thought about that before. Thank you for sharing.”

📢/ay ne ver tho ta baw that bi for. Thangk yu for she ring/

If someone tells you an answer that you didn’t think about before, it’s nice to say thank you to them. You can use this sentence to show them you appreciate their idea and that you want them to keep sharing their thoughts.

8. “I see what you mean. That’s a good point.”

📢/ay see wa juh meen. That suh gud poynt

If you think someone’s answer is good and you understand it, you can use this sentence. It will show them that you think their answer is important and that you want to keep talking about it.

9. “I don’t understand your answer. Can you explain it to me?”

📢 /ay dow nan duhr stand ju ran ser. kuhn ju iks pley ni tu mi/

It’s okay if you don’t understand what someone said or what they think. You can use this sentence to ask them to explain it to you. It will show them that you want to know more about their idea and that you care about their point of view.

10. “I like your answer because it makes sense to me.”

📢 /ay laik ju ran suhr bi koz it meik sens tu mi/

You can use this sentence to say thank you to someone for their answer and show them that you think it’s important. It can help you become friends and make it easier to keep talking about the topic.

LEARNING TIPS

Student Opinion

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Hi there!

If you are or have been my student, I’d really like to hear your opinion about this blog and your learning process in my classes.

✨ Please answer the following question in the Reply section:

What is your opinion about your classes with Teacher Julieta and the materials that she shares in this blog?

GRAMMAR

Indirect Questions

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We use indirect questions when we want to ask a question in a more polite way.

Let’s compare direct questions and indirect questions:

  • In indirect questions, the word order is subject + verb.
  • We don’t use do/did in the second part of the question.
  • You can use if or whether in questions without a question word (yes/no questions)

Learn more about

Direct questions

Subject questions

 Grammar Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐

 Speaking Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐

Change the direct question into an indirect one

Discuss the question with your group. Give as many details as possible

FLUENCY

Useful Phrases for Presentations in English

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Presentations are very common in academic and work settings, and they can be a bit challenging.

Here you can find some sentence starters that will help you organize your ideas to sound professional and fluent.

1 Greeting the Audience
  • Good morning/ good afternoon/ good evening everyone
  • Welcome to my presentation
  • If you don’t know me, my name is …
  • I work/ study in … department/ program/ lab
  • I’d like to thank you all for coming today
  • It’s a great pleasure to be here with you today
2 Introducing the topic
  • Today I’m going to talk about/ show you …
  • I’m here today to present…
  • What I want to talk about today is…
  • As you can see on the screen, our topic today is…
  • I’ve divided my presentation into three main parts
  • As you can see from the agenda/ outline I’ll be talking about…
  • Before we begin I want to point out that all the slides/ the proposal/ the final report will be sent to you by (day) at (time)
  • I’ll be handing out copies of the slides at the end of my presentation
  • I can email the PowerPoint presentation to anyone who would like it
  • I would like to start by (+ing verb) …
3 Connecting your ideas
  • First, I would like to talk about/ show you …
  • First, I’d like to give you an overview of….
  • Next, I’ll focus on… and then ….
  • What I am going to focus next is…
  • This leads directly to my next point
  • This brings us to the next point/question
  • Let’s now move on to/turn to…
  • Then I’ll go on to highlight what I see as the main points of….
  • Finally, I’d like to address the problem of…
4 Highlighting important information
  • One thing that I want to stress is…
  • I’d like to stress/highlight/emphasize the following points…
  • The interesting/significant/important thing about…. is….
5 Summarizing ideas
  • Before I move on, I’d like to recap the main points
  • Let me briefly summarize the main issues
  • I’d like to summarize what I’ve said so far…
6 Describing visuals
  • As you can see here, …
  • Now, let’s look at/let’s have a look at/take a look at/
  • As the graph/table shows/indicates…
  • From Table/ Figure … we can see/conclude/show/estimate/calculate/infer that…
  • The chart/ graph compares…
7 Closing
  • Well, this brings me to the end of my presentation/talk
  • That covers just about everything I wanted to say about…
  • Thank you for your attention
8 Questions and comments
  • If you have any questions, I am happy to answer them
  • Are there any questions?
  • If you have any questions, I’d be pleased to answer them.
  • And now I’ll be happy to answer any questions you may have
9 If there are some technical problems
  • I’m sorry about the (tech/sound) problem. Ex. I’m sorry about the slow connection
  • Thanks for bearing with me = Thanks for your patience
  • It will be just one moment
  • I apologize for not having enough time/ handouts/ chairs/ samples
GRAMMAR

Clauses of Purpose

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To, in order to , as to, for, and so that are words that help us talk about purposes or goals clearly and fluently.

Time to practice

The best way to improve your English is by practicing. Don’t be afraid of making mistakes. Remember that practice makes progress.

GRAMMAR

Clauses of Contrast

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Although, though, even though, in spite of, and despite are words that help us connect contrasting ideas clearly and fluently. We use them to introduce a clause in a sentence which is in contrast to another clause in the same sentence.

You already know how to use basic connectors such as so and but. In the example below, but is a contrast connector.

Now, it’s time to learn other connectors that help us communicate more complex ideas.

NOTE: A dependent clause is NOT a full sentence. It is a phrase (group of words) that is incomplete, in other words, it is an incomplete thought. We need to complete the idea by using a connector and an independent clause.

An independent clause is a phrase that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.

Time to practice

The best way to improve your English is by practicing. Don’t be afraid of making mistakes. Remember that practice makes progress.

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

FLUENCY · GRAMMAR

Reporting Verbs

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Reporting verbs are verbs which are used to tell someone what another person said. They are used in reported speech.

Say and tell are the most common reporting verbs. However, there are other reporting verbs that we can use instead of say and tell to communicate our ideas more clearly.

Example:

He said that he would drive me to the airport (this sentence is correct but long)

We can say instead:

He offered to drive me to the airport (this sentence is shorter and absolutely clear)

Common reporting verbs patterns

NOTES:

recommend and suggest are special verbs that can be followed by a “that clause” when we want or need to mention who is the recommendation/ suggestion for.

recommend/ suggest + that + someone + base form

Example:

I suggested watching a horror movie. (suggest + gerund)

If you want to be more specific and want to add information about who is the recommendation for, you can use a “that clause” (noun clause)

I suggested that my friends watch a horror movie.

My friends suggested that I study for the English test tonight.

My teacher recommended that Maria practice speaking with me.

Practice time

Level of difficulty: ⭐

 Speaking Practice

Level of difficulty: ⭐⭐

Student A:

  1. Choose one box
  2. Read the sentence out loud.
  3. Tell your partner the hint.

Student B:

  1. Close your eyes
  2. Listen to your partner
  3. Complete the following sentence: My friend __________________

Example:

Student A: If you stay in a hostel it will be cheaper (Hint: explain)

Student B: My friend explained to me that staying in a hostel would be cheaper.